How to tell if a Ball Python is male or female?

A Ball Python is one of the easiest reptiles to keep in captivity, but they are also one of the most difficult reptiles to identify the gender of, especially for new Ball Python owners it is very nearly impossible to tell the difference between a male and a female Ball Python.

It is important to note that the primary difference between female and male Ball Pythons is size. Female Ball Pythons are significantly larger than male Ball Pythons. Furthermore, male anal spurs are larger and more prominent than female Anal spurs. However, you can easily tell whether a Ball Python is a male or a female by probing, pooping, etc., without a vet's advice.

For pet owners, knowing the gender of a Ball Python is very important if they plan on breeding them, caring for them, or feeding them.

What is the best way to identify the gender of a Ball Python?

It is very important that Ball Python owners know their Ball Python's gender in order to breed them and to take care of them properly, but it can sometimes be difficult to figure out what they are supposed to be. In order to identify the gender of your Ball Python without the help of a vet, there are a few methods you can use to do that; however, you must take caution while using these methods. These Five methods are given below.


The probing method is a professional method that is used to determine the gender of the Ball Python and it is regarded as one of the most accurate methods for identifying the gender of a Ball Python. If done incorrectly, it may be harmful to the Ball Python, so you should buy a probing kit before starting this method.

In order to perform this method correctly and safely, you should follow the following steps carefully.

  • First of all, you need to purchase a probing kit for the Ball Python which you can get either from a pet store near you or online on Amazon. Buy Reptiles Snake Sexing Kit Probes Set from Amazon.
  • If you have purchased the Ball Python probing kit, then you will get a long lubricated rod inside the kit. Use the long lubricated rod and insert it into the Ball Python cloaca.
  • As a rule of thumb, you should use your finger as a marker when measuring how deep the rod goes in order to find the right length.
  • If the rod can go for over 6 subcaudals, then it is a male Ball Python. However, if the rod can only go for 3-5 subcaudals, then it is a female Ball Python.

During this process, you should avoid forcefully inserting your Ball Python into the cloaca as this can cause harm to its reproduction organs. It is recommended to use this method for adults Ball Pythons, as they have a longer tail and are less sensitive than juveniles


There is another method of checking the gender of a Ball Python, which is popping. This method is particularly suitable for hatchlings and baby Ball Pythons since as they grow older, their muscles become stronger and they are better equipped to resist popping.

You should follow these below in order to be able to perform this method safely at home.

  • First of all, hold your Ball Python lightly, not too tight.
  • After that, place your thumbs on either side of the vent scales of your Ball Python and press lightly.
  • You will be able to see the hemipenes (red coloration) when you apply pressure then it means your Ball Python is male. If there are no hemipenes, then you will know that you have a female Ball Python.

Please make sure that you do not use nails when doing this process, as this will result in it hurting their skin, and also don't apply too much pressure when applying pressure.

Anal Spurs

The Anal Spurs can also be used to identify the gender of a Ball Python. These spurs may be found on the underside of the Ball Python near the vent. They are small leg-like structures that may be found on either side of the cloaca.

You can tell whether your Ball Python is male or female if your Ball Python has larger anal Spurs and if anal spurs can move, then it means that your Ball Python is male, if it has smaller anal spurs that do not move, then it means that your Ball Python is female.

Tail Thickness

It is also possible to determine the sex of the Ball Python by observing the thickness of the tail. Since the tails of Ball Pythons are primarily made up of muscle and fat, the shape of their tail can also aid you in determining their sex.

There are two ways in which you can tell if your Ball Python is male or female by looking at their tail. The first is if the tail is square, tapers down more sharply at the end, is longer, thicker, and more bulged it means it is a male Ball Python. If it is shorter, tapers off quickly towards the end, is quite slender, and does not have a bulge, which means the Ball Python is a female Ball Python.

Appearance and Size

The last way to determine whether your Ball Python is male or female is by looking at its size and appearance. Check the Ball Python Weight and Size for more details.

It is important to know that there is a slight physical difference between the male and female Ball Pythons, including the female Ball Python being larger and heavier in comparison to the male Ball Python. In addition, the female Ball Python grows faster than the male Ball Python. In contrast to the male, which typically reaches 3 to 4 feet, the female Ball Python can grow up to 5 feet. Males are usually more active than female Ball Pythons. Females are calm by nature and vibrant in color, whereas males have brighter shades in color.

In general, it is not recommended that you use this method for determining a person's gender, as it can be very inaccurate and false.